The Father Of American Detective

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The Father of American Detective Short Story-Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe is far more than a poet and short story writer of the early 19th century. Poe is, in many ways, the most crucial writer of the period. The inventor of the detective story, and the creator of Gothic horror stories. He continues to capture the imagination and inspire literature more than one hundred and fifty years after his death. In examining his life, the critical reaction to his work, and his short story masterpiece “The Cask of Amontillado,” it has been said that Edgar Allan Poe remains the most influential early American author.
Much like his world famous short stories, Edgar Allan Poe’s life was a sad, dark tragedy. Edgar Allan Poe was born in Boston on January 19, 1809 (Meyers 4). His parents were both actors, and the financial strain of a new child caused them to leave the five-week old infant in Baltimore under the care of his grandparents. When Edgar was two, his father David Poe disappeared, “perhaps dying several months later” (Meyers 5-6). Shortly afterwards, Poe’s mother died from tuberculosis at the age of twenty-four (Meyers 6). Poe’s brother died at a very young age, then his sister Rosalie became insane shortly after. Edgar was placed in the home of a wealthy, yet disconfirming man named John Allan. Allan was emotionally detached from Poe, denying young Poe of a legal adoption. All of the death and darkness that surrounded Poe’s childhood would set off a chain of events,
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