The Father Of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

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Albert Ellis is the father of cognitive behavioral therapy. He introduced Rational Emotive Behavioral Theory. He stated that people are not disturbed by things, but the view they take and what they tell themselves about it. He believed that thoughts, feelings, and behavior were all integrated. Though thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are interactive, he stated that thoughts are most important and cognition can be altered. Emotions and behaviors can change when a person changes what he/she thinks. By what we think we change our response. It was important to recognize what the client truly believed. What a person thinks is true to him/her. Ellis stated that humans can be rational and humans can be irrational. Rational thoughts may include an individual saying, “I want” or “I prefer” while an irrational thought may be “I must” or “I should.” Ellis says the only absolute in life is death, therefore, if an individual exaggerates, oversimplifies, over generalizes and absolutes it may lead to irrational beliefs. These irrational beliefs are the source of emotional issues that result in guilt, anxiety, anger, and depression; Ellis defended this by saying that emotions cannot be separated by thoughts. Ellis states that there are healthy negative emotions and in different situations anger might be a reasonable response. Moreover, there were three core irrational beliefs that people experience; I must preform well so people love me and I feel worth while; Other people have to
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