The Father of Medicine, Hippocrates, Changed the Perception of Medicine

1633 WordsJan 26, 20187 Pages
Before Hippocrates, the perception of medicine was very different. He was born in 460 BCE. He started "scientific medicine". He was known as the father of medicine. Before Hippocrates, Greeks believed that Gods sent disease and provoked death. All disease could be healed by the process of propitiation (the action of propitiating or appeasing a god, spirit, or person) of the Gods through sacrifices and other rituals. Only the chosen ones could communicate with the Gods; they were people who were worshiped after their death as deities and were undertaking the task to mediate between the patient and the God for the sake of the first. Deities and heroes who possessed the art of healing and practiced primitive forms of medicine as shown in Greek mythology. Near contemporaries of Hippocrates had different approaches to medicine. Petron believed that disease derived from improper diet. Hippon thought moisture was the key to health. Philoaus determined that there were three rather than four humors-bile, blood, phlegm. Thrasymachus focused on an excess of heat or cold. Menerates sought a balance of blood, bile, phlegm, and breath. Little is known of Greek medicine before the appearance of texts written in the fifth century B.C. Folk healing was often used, and the healer in turn often summoned help from the gods. Some herbal drug therapies existed. Various gods were identified with disease and injury. Apollo, the god of healing, both causing plagues and providing
Open Document