According to the emotional processing theory, deliberate confrontation with feared stimuli can alter the relationships between
A Psychology disorder known as anxiety disorder, is the most common in the United States. In a result of, 18% of 40 million people suffers from anxiety. However, there are six different types of anxiety disorders in the results of stress, depression, social interaction, obsessive compulsive, and
Critical Analysis of the Article “Stress and The Brain” This analysis persists of key points, about The article “Stress and the brain by Janet Elder”. The author forged an excellent informative piece to educate the reader on the effects of stress on the brain. The author states that “Stress can be both good and bad. It is part of life, and your brain and body respond to it”. The author clarifies that, "Whether stress is harmful or helpful depends on the amount of stress, how severe it is, and how long it lasts".
The Role of the Amygdala in Fear and Panic The definition of fear has proved to be an elusive mystery plaguing scientists. While there is much agreement as to the physiological effects of fear, the neural pathways and connections that bring upon these effects are not well understood. From the evolutionary standpoint, the theory is that fear is a neural circuit that has been designed to keep the organism alive in dangerous situations (1). How does it all work? Learning and responding to stimuli that warn of danger involves neural pathways that send information about the outside world to the amygdala, which in turn, determines the significance of the stimulus and triggers emotional responses like freezing or fleeing as well as changes
Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET; Baron-Cohen, Wheelwright, Hill, Raste, & Plumb, 2001). The RMET is a 36 item task used to assess participants ability to infer the mental state of others or ToM. It consists of 36 images of the eye region displaying a wide range of positive, negative and complex expressions of emotions. Participants must select which of the four words presented best describes the emotion portrayed in the image. Higher scores indicate a greater capacity to understand the mental states of others. There is evidence for reliability and validity of the RMET as a measure of ToM (Baron-Cohen et al.,
Ho : r = 0 ; Ha : r ≠ 0 Test Results The test will be conducted at the 0.05 level of significance. The correlation coefficient indicates a relationship between hours of study and exam anxiety for the sample tested. The r-value of 0.5654 indicates a positive linear correlation. With a 0.05 alpha and a df of 8, the PPMC table gives a value of 0.632. The two-tailed is significant at the 0.05 level of significance and there is a positive correlation between the number of study hours and the anxiety scores of students.
The article, Concussive brain injury enhances fear learning and excitatory processes in the amygdala by Maxine L. Reger, Andrew M. Poulos, Floyd Buen, Christopher C. Giza, David A. Hovda, and Michael S Fanselow took a close look into the fears and behaviors generated in rats two days after suffering trauma to the brain. This particular article was discovered by searching the keywords: brain injury and amygdala, in the PubMed database. By searching those keywords, the database was able to pull up numerous articles discussing the two topics, but I felt that Reger et al (2012) demonstrated a clear association between the topics. The article brings about a question of whether or not there is a link between brain injuries, posttraumatic stress disorder, commonly referred to as PTSD, and the changes involved in the excitatory and inhibitory processes involved in the amygdala. In order to examine such a link, the authors performed a number of tests on adult Sprague-Dawley rats to test their hypothesis as well as to investigate the neurobiological correlation between concussion and PTSD. To further assess these correlations, it is imperative to explore the methods used to conduct this study.
Anxiety Firing an AR-15 Many people have anxiety. Anxiety disorders are the most common of all mental disorders. There are many different types of anxiety: Generalized, Panic, Social Phobia, Obsessive Compulsive, Post-Traumatic, and Acute Stress. When facing a problem like this, first, we must understand the repressed feeling. Any of these types of anxiety can destroy any thought of preforming an action properly, speaking in public, a deadline, or running into someone. These actions may seem simple, but have a major impact on a person. Experiences of anxiety can come in many ways. When trying to overcome anxiety, we need to decide the cause, when the origin is known, the preparation can begin. I chose to refurbish a AR-15, and to fire the
The three parts of the coping brain: Reptilian Coping Brain- Instinctive survival- Survival is an automatic response for our brain. Aggression helps show that we are stronger by using aggressive behavior. Fear helps us to avoid threats or deaths. Revenge is the coping brain trying to get back at other people who have hurt us. Tribalism and territorial behavior is how the reptilian coping brain joins forces with others. Reproductive instinct is why we have an instinctive urge deep in our body and brain that drives us to duplicate ourselves.
Effects of Fear One common characteristic of characters in literature, art, and music is the common, but misunderstood and even complex emotion of fear. From the first stories of Gilgamesh and his struggles to Harper Lee’s newly discovered Go Set a Watchman, every character in these novels with some form of fear that helps to push and struggle against their current conditions. Whether it be a struggle against nature, oneself, divine entities, or other people, the struggle that character face is often very similar in structure and emotions. One reason that these struggles are so necessary in literature is the fact that they are often the same difficulties that people have to face in reality. From wars to poverty, humans face the same struggle as literary characters do and they often have similar emotions and characteristics. One of the driving emotions in both reality and in literature is the emotion of fear. Fear drives humans to struggle with their situation. It propels literary characters to go on journeys and discover themselves. Fear drives people to survive, and live their lives. Fear and the human struggle is the linking connection between stories and reality that acts as both a motivator and an inhibitor.
Norepinephrine is a Neurotransmitter that helps control alertness and arousal. According to the psychology textbook not getting enough norepinephrine can cause us to be depressed. Depression can cause us to not feel like doing anything and feel like we don’t matter. According to study.com norepinephrine causes an increase in the
For example, you have a panic attack on a bus, or you find yourself hyperventilating in front of dozens of strangers with nowhere to go to calm yourself down, that whole ordeal might make you nerves want to be in that situation again, so your anxiety could lead you to start avoiding crowded or confined places. At this point the initial anxiety has spun off into a fear of anxiety which means, you’ve migrated into another realm of anxiety disorder, call
In her interview, Dr.Kerr discusses the brain's response to fear. A few people revel in fear, while others do not. It is much less common to believe that people would take joy in fear, however; having been found that, “the natural high from the fight-or-flight response can make one feel wonderful.” As a result of fear causing one to feel tremendous, they also savor the high of the fight-or-flight. Fear goers response to the natural high of fight-or-flight, is what makes them enjoy fear. Also, the fear goers responses, reveal one way they dote on fear. In addition to enjoying the high, a mass of people also “ enjoy frightening situations considering, it leaves them with a sense of confidence after it is over.” People are fond of fear just for the simple fact that after they face it, they suddenly have more confidence afterwards. There are those who like fear, while there are others that seem to fear abnormality. Being able to face those fears brought upon, strengthens the mind and allows it to enjoy fear as others cannot. In spite of brain’s having their own intake on fear, cultures also share similar qualities of fear. In particular, our cultures can vary what one’s fear is. For instance, “we know that we can learn to fear, and this means our socialization and the society in which we are raised is going to have a huge deal to do with what we find horrifying.” With that being said, if one’s culture is use to seeing certain things that other people might
Fear, Worry and Avoidance The symptoms of a panic attack are usually so intense they are often described by sufferers as the worst experience of their lives. After having a panic attack, the individual may continue to experience extreme anxiety for several hours. More often than not, the panic episode causes
Fear of the unknown causes anxiety, unusual behavior might occur as a result and can have strange effects on people nonetheless fear also can be the motivator. The author of the first article suggests that by experiencing fear or anxiety, individuals will exhibit various response toward their loved ones and for