The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as Material in Paper Making

4362 Words Feb 25th, 2013 18 Pages
Chapter 1

Introduction

Background of the Study
To produce paper, it is necessary to cut down trees. Nearly 4 billion trees or 35 percent of the total trees cut around the world are used in paper industries on every continent (Martin, 2011). But, many studies were conducted that non-woody plants especially grasses have the potential to be materials in making paper. Paper made of grasses requires much less processing than wood-derived paper, and is far better for the environment. Anyone who’s ever visited a pulp mill can attest to the unpleasant smells, and moreover, turning wood into paper releases harmful chemicals like dioxin (Striepe, 2011).
Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) forms a dense mat and produces plenty of leaves that make it
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Paper making is the process of making paper, a substance which is used ubiquitously today for writing and packaging (Elliot, 1995). In this study, it was the process of making paper from rice straw and cogon grass.
Rice straw (Oryza sativa). Rice straw is a single stalk of threshed grain (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 2000). In this study, it was one of the test materials and served as the control variable.
Tensile Strength. A tensile test is a test on tensile strength. It is a fundamental mechanical test where a carefully prepared specimen is loaded in a very controlled manner while measuring the applied load and the elongation of the specimen over some distance (Hubbe, 2002). In this study, it is a method to determine how much weight can the paper withstand before tearing and measured in kilograms.

Research Paradigm
Independent Variable Dependent Variable

Tensile Strength (kilograms)

Experimental
Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica)

Control
Rice Straw (Oryza sativa)

Figure 1. The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a material in paper making

Chapter 2
Review of Related Literature

Conceptual Literature On Cogon Grass (Imperata cylindrica) Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica ), family Poaceae, is an invasive, rhizomatous, aggressive and perennial grass that has become one of the most serious invasive species.

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