The Federal Republic Of Germany

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The Federal Republic of Germany was at a crossroads in the mid-1960s, still under the shadow of World War II, but viewing the future with optimism. In the seven years between being chosen as host and staging the event itself, Germany experienced favorable economic conditions and a belief in technocratic optimism, but was equally marked by national and international debate and dispute. The symbolic potential of the Games did not escape the Munich organizers who took just one month in 1965 to secure promises of funding from the city of Munich, the Bavarian State and the Federal Government. Hosting the Games was deemed to be of immense importance. As Chancellor Willy Brandt said, “Munich 1972 was to serve as a showcase of modern Germany”, a chance to replace memories of the Third Reich with images of a thriving and a prosperous Federal Republic. It was an opportunity to present an optimistic Germany to the world through its ‘Happy Games’ – its official motto. In the United States, the beginning of the 1970s was a period of much political and civil unrest. The Vietnam War was still going on. U.S. troops invaded Cambodia. Four students at Kent State University in Ohio were slain by National Guardsmen at a protest demonstration. Governor George Wallace of Alabama was shot at a political rally. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled unanimously that busing students may be ordered to achieve racial desegregation of schools, and the start of the Watergate scandal began as five men were
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