The Federal Republic of Nigeria Essay

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The Federal Republic of Nigeria

The Federal Republic of Nigeria, known as Nigeria, is located on the African continent and borders on the south the Gulf of Guinea, on the east Cameroon, on the northeast Chad, Niger on the north, and Benin on the west. Nigeria is divided into four sections: the north, south, east, and west. The Hausa kingom is located in the north, the Yoruba in the south and the west, and Ibo in south and the east. The Hausa, Ibo, and Yoruba are the major ethnic group of Nigeria, but also refer to the kingom’s name and the culture and language of the area. There are many similarities between these kingdoms but also many recongnizable differences. For example, the Ibo’s have lighter skin than the Hausa and
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There was also a sizeable Muslim population in the South. In addition, traditional religions, characterized by worship of primordial spirits, dead ancestors, and spirits of places, is practiced, especially in rural areas (Metz, 1991)
With a population of more than 100 million people, there are 250 to 400 or more recognized ethnic groups, many of which are divided into subgroups of considerable social and political importance. There are a huge number of languages spoken in Nigeria, estimated at between 350 and 400. Most important are Hausa, Yoruba, and Igbo. English is the official language used in government, large-scale business, mass media, and education beyond primary school" (Metz, 1991).
The state and local governments are responsible for the primary education (six-year program). The responsibility for secondary education is shared by the federal and state governments. There are also some private schools of Muslim and Christian faith. "In 1990 between 150,000 and 200,000 were enrolled in thirty-five colleges, universities, and higher technical schools" (Metz, 1991, section 1 of 1). Approximity 61 percent of the female adult population is illiterate in Nigeria compared to 37.7 percent of the male adult population (Oduaran & Okukpon, 1997).
The major health problems reported in 1991 to effect Nigerians included cerebrospinal meningitis, yellow fever, Lassa fever, AIDS, malaria, guinea worm, schistosomiasis,
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