The Federation Of The Somali Republic

3619 Words Nov 10th, 2014 15 Pages
The federation of the Somali Republic and the Role of the International Community
1.0 Introduction
From 1960, when Somalia got its independence, Somalia Republic was a constitutional democratic state with a constitution approved by a referendum. From 1960 to 1969, the constitution got rid of a civilian, legislative governance structure and protected human rights under the rule of two consecutive and democratically-voted governments. In 1969, bloodless military takeover took place and suspended the constitution. As a result of the oppressive rule of Siyad , there was massive dissatisfaction and revolt locally and also minimum participation of the global community in resolving the disaster that was building up in the country. The military regime ran up to 1991 when clan-founded armies brought down the military authoritarianism thereby leading to the collapse of national state power and the rising of clan-founded systems that alternately disputed and managed restricted Somali regions.
1.1 Statement of the problem
In August 2012, the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) was established through a process informed by the “2012 Road Map for the End of the Transition”, a process agreed upon after lengthy consultations between key political principal actors. This culminated in a selection process in which 135 traditional clan elders selected 825 delegates to form a constituent assembly which approved a draft constitution. The elders also nominated 225 members of parliament. The…
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