The Field Of Anthropology As A Field

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Attempts to understand other cultures have seemingly existed all throughout human history, yet the methods for doing so have changed over time. The field of anthropology dates back to the late 19th century, and when it reached the United States, it became even more WORD-widespread? Since then, it has continued to develop as a field, with new approaches becoming standard about every twenty years. Two of the main approaches to writing works of ethnography include ethnographic accounts of a culture foreign to the writer, and fictional stories, often based on the culture the writer himself belongs to. Each approach has its strengths and drawbacks, and both seek to achieve different objectives, but works of both styles have gained popularity for their insightful and thought-provoking commentary. Each method has a unique set of advantages to offer, and the cultivation of anthropology as a field has only furthered their influence.
In the 1980s, a trend of objectivism spread across works of anthropology, which made sense, since the “founding fathers” of the field were primarily scholars of science. This background influenced how they viewed other cultures, compelling them to approach the societies they studied as part of a “controlled experimental setting” and “analyze how individual elements in this ‘closed system’ were interrelated and how they interacted” (Kohl 556). In the mid-1990s, a budding approach to ethnography by George Marcus was centered on a very different principle;
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