The Fifth Amendment and The Bill of Rights

654 Words Feb 25th, 2018 3 Pages
If the witness is asked by a police official whether or not he or she committed the murder, he or she will say no. But if the witness is then asked what he or she was doing in the area at the time of the murder, he or she has the right to remain silent in order to protect him or herself from self-incrimination, a clause in the Fifth Amendment. The Fifth Amendment upholds the rights of United States citizens against government prosecution. Introduced to the Bill of Rights in 1789, the Fifth Amendment is a noteworthy amendment both during the past and in today’s world. The Fifth Amendment, along with the rest of the Bill of Rights, was proposed by James Madison, providing a way for the Founding Fathers of the United States to better protect the basic rights of people. Congress thought this amendment was necessary after the United States’ independence from Britain; not wanting to repeat the mistake the monarchy had made –exploiting its citizens’ freedoms. Specifically, the Fifth Amendment secures many freedoms of people against unfair prosecution and investigation: a person cannot be put on trial for a serious crime unless a grand jury decides or if he or she is in the military; he or she cannot be tried twice for the same offense; and cannot be forced to testify against him or herself in a court case. Additionally, a person cannot be deprived of rights such as life, liberty, and property without a…
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