The Financial Crisis Of 2007-08

1439 Words6 Pages
Several factors lead to the 2008 financial crisis. The 1999 repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act effectively removed the separation between investment banks and depository banks in the United States. Credit rating agencies failed to price the risk involved with mortgage-related financial products accurately. The Government, concerned with not performing economically as well as the Clinton administration believed increasing home ownership was the answer and reduced obstacles (like loan income/debt documentation). The world 's insurance companies began insuring mortgage instruments. Excessive investment leverage, especially in the Banks and venture capitalist communities. And the Government did not adjust their regulatory practices to address 21st-century financial markets- especially in credit default swaps (CDS). These factors set the stage for disaster and greedy speculators wanting to short the housing market triggered it by systematically exposing the mortgage risks to the world. The financial crisis of 2007–08, also known as the Global Financial Crisis, is considered by many economists to have been the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. Mr. Ben Bernanke, Chairman of the Federal Reserve at the time, believed it was equally problematic in many ways; although unemployment only reached half the level due to the Fed’s actions combined with a $700B stimulus. It collapsed large financial institutions, and stock markets dropped to half their
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