The Financial Crisis Of 2008

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The financial crisis of 2008 was the worst economic disaster since the Great Depression. It caused the collapse, take over, merging, or buying out of financial services firms and banks such as, Lehman Brothers, Merill Lynch, Wells Fargo, Goldman Sachs, AIG, Royal Bank of Scotland, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. The “Big Three” credit rating agencies, Standard & Poor’s, Moody’s, and Fitch Ratings, were at the helm of the financial crisis of 2008 because they were all found of wrongly assigning triple- A securities ratings to mortgages and debt assets that were way below “investment grade” level, which greatly contributed to the growing financial crisis. The ensuing result of the financial crisis of 2008 was the Great Recession, a period of great economic decline in America and the rest of the world. The financial crisis and Great Recession were triggered by subprime mortgages and mortgage backed securities, known as Collaterized Debt Obligations (CDOs). Mortgage-backed securities are a form of an asset-backed security that deals with different type of mortgages, while subprime mortgages are mortgages that are loaned out to people with low credit scores. CDO’s are very complex because they are built into different levels, known as tranches, that consist of various types of assets. The tranches of CDO’s are structured on the basis of risk, with the lowest credit rated tranches holding the highest amount of risk. A demand for mortgage-backed securities and subprime mortgages

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