The Finland 's Education System

986 WordsMay 9, 20164 Pages
Although Finland’s education system was progressing after WWII, the system still faced many challenges that would lead to a call for reform in the 1970s. The article, “Ten Years On: Progress and Problems in Finland 's School Reform” provides eight features of the school system that were inadequate at the time and urged for reform. Some of the main issues at hand included but are not limited to social class separation in the school system, lack of connection between general and vocational institutions, and the low aspirations of the folkschool teachers. Along with the problems of the education system, the author also included the six propositions that were suggested for the objective of reforming the system. The propositions included: making the school structure comprehensive, more opportunities based on cognitive and ethical aims, a clarification of learners’ needs, the reform would need to be implemented through experimental trials, vocational education would need to be stressed as equivalent to general education, and for reform to spread from the north to the south. The call to action was declared by politicians, teachers’ unions, and the literate citizens. The legislation that was brought forth was the Basic Act of 1970 and it would require: A nine-year common school, peruskoulu (pl: peruskoulut) to replace the variegated sectors and the new school would unify, lengthen and widen education between ages 7 and 16. There would be six classes in the lower sector,
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