The First Amendment Of The United States

1322 Words Nov 29th, 2015 6 Pages
The first amendment to the U.S. Constitution states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof…” The Supreme Court has been inconsistent in the application of these sometimes conflicting requirements. At times, the Court takes a separationist position, erecting a solid wall between church and state, and at other times takes an accommodationist position, siding with an individual’s right to exercise their religious beliefs. Religious liberty under the First Amendment should not be limited to private individuals, but extended to corporations, and only when its application does not interfere with legitimate governmental interests. History shows that the Court has repeatedly found that constitutional rights extend to corporations. This controversial approach was recently seen in the Supreme Court case Burwell v. Hobby Lobby (2014). Today, the Court continues to address this issue.

It is often said that there are two thing one should never discuss in public – politics or religion. The framers of the Constitution had to address politics, but initially steered clear of religion. There is only one reference to religion found in the Constitution. Article VI states that officials must take an oath to “support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.” However, Anti-Federalists were concerned about religious…
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