The First And Second Industrial Revolutions

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The first and second industrial revolutions reconstructed the global economy. Manufacturing shifted from the simple artisan shop to the massive factory. The idea and practice of the local small business slowly faded, as the concept of corporation grew. These corporations had a simple goal: make profit, cut competition, repeat. Manufacturers and other large corporations did anything to achieve this goal, and strived to do it as cheaply as possible. In order to lower costs, they often cut workers’ wages. This was not received well by the employees, who eventually fought back. Thus, the labor movement was born. France, at first, did not take to the idea of organized labor. Tension grew between the people and the government, until a revolution was started. After the 1848 Revolutions in France, organized labor was legal, and the French government began to embrace the idea. A friendly relationship between laborers and the government was cast, and it was only to be fortified when the Third Republic was formed. The United States however, did not face the same fate when it came to workers’ rights. Although labor unions were not explicitly illegal in the United States, they were not welcomed either. Granted under the rights of the First Amendment, people could freely protest and strike, yet the government continuously resisted unions. The United States government took the side of the captains of industry, and remained on this side for over a century. While France experienced the
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