The First Automobile Car Was Built By Henry Ford And Operated By Pure Ethanol

1453 Words Aug 5th, 2015 6 Pages
Acknowledgement

I would first thanks Mr. Simon Smith that gave me an opportunity and directed me to write this project in proper way and helped me to know many new things I am really thankful to him.

Secondly I would like to thanks my parents and Mr. Mahmud Reyani who gave me a lot of their times to help me in many different ways to complete my project. The use of biofuel is not a new invention but it used by ancient people using vegetable and oil lamps. The first automobile car was built by Henry Ford and operated by pure ethanol in 1896. Then in 1900 at world Expo Rudolf Diesel 's exhibit new engine run by peanut oil (Michael et al, 2011).
Biofuels is not new invention but during oil crises 1973-74 and 1979-80, countries searched
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Whereas, ‘Biomass’ is (plant matter) (Johansson et al., 1993) which produces different kinds of fuel by converts plant and waste matters to bio-methanol, bio-ethanol, bio-diesel and bio-gaseous as shown in figure 3.

Figure3. Shows block diagram of resources of biofuel

Source: (Demirbas, 2008)

The above diagram illustrates the main feed stocks for both bioethanol and biodiesel products. Therefore, biofuels are considered as sustainable fuel and not polluting. So that raw materials are obtained easily from plantation lands.
According to the data (Table no.1) the United States is the main producer of biofuel. However, other countries are working to improve their biofuel production such as Italy and Finland (Demirbas, 2008). In 2009, the most production of bioethanol achieved by Brazil and United States which produced a huge quantity, as well as European countries which also have the highest production of biodiesel. These indications represent the importance of biofuel production at present.
There are several benefits that encouraged companies to produce cars and airplane. For instance, in 2007, the first race car with 670-horsepower was operated with pure ethanol. In 2008, the first commercial airplane Boeing 747-400 operated with a mixture of biofuel and fossil jet fuel, which travelled from London Heathrow to Amsterdam Shiphol airport (Micheal,2011).
Table1. Production of Biofuels in 2009 Source: (Michael K., 2011)

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