The Crusades were great military missions developed by Christian nations of Europe for the purpose of rescuing the Holy Land of Jerusalem from the hands of the Moslems. Jerusalem was extremely important to the Moslems and Christians at this time. Many religious events happened there, and many landmarks of both religions were located in Jerusalem. There were many Crusades some more significant than others, but in general the Crusades were very important to the spread of Christianity and religious based knowledge. The Crusades are an example of religious rebellion that is timeless and universal throughout the world.
War happens for many reasons whether it is about politics, economics, or even religion .The fight for the Holy Land is a war like no other. It has been going on ever since the Crusades which started in 1095 A.D and ended in 1291 A.D . The Crusades were based on Western Europe wanting to get the Holy Lands back from the Seljuk Turks. In today's fight however it is about the Palestinians and the Israeli government fighting against the Jewish state over the holy lands. This fight has been going on since 1947 to 2015. Even though the crusades and the fight for now are from different time lines they still have the basic similarity of two societies fighting for dominate control of the holy land however, they do fight for different reasons.
Because of the response the people had to Pope Urban II call to arms a wave of religious enthusiasm swept across Europe. In 1096 Peter the hermit created an army of peasants and soldiers. They traveled to Constantinople, this movement was called the peoples crusade. The outcome of the people’s crusade was tragic because almost all of them died.
Going against modern day religious beliefs, in 1095AD the Christians went to war to claim the holy city of Jerusalem, massacring the Muslims in a bloody attempt to worship their God. Pope Urban II’s speech at Clermont inspired by claims made by the Byzantium Emperor encouraged the Christians to partake in the First Crusade in an attempt to liberate Jerusalem. The religious and economic factors were the most relevant to cause this crusade, with some influence from desired political gain and little from social factors unrelated to religion. The immediate consequences were positive for the Christians and negative for the Muslims, but the First Crusade launched an ongoing conflict between the Christians and Muslims which had positive and negative consequences for both sides. There are a number of relevant modern sources which examine the causes and consequences of the First Crusade, but, while there are many medieval sources, they do not explicitly discuss the causes and consequences of the war. In order to fully comprehend the First Crusade, it is necessary to analyse the religious, economic, and political factors, as well as the short-term, long-term, and modern consequences.
he subject of the crusades is still a very controversial topic that spans across various time periods and has religious, social, and political implications. The first crusade started off as a widespread pilgrimage that ended as a military expedition resulting in the recapture of Jerusalem in 1099. The crusades initiated from a call from help from Alexius for the protection of Constantinople and the recovery of Anatolia. For centuries textbooks have repeated with routine regularity, that the immediate cause, of the Crusades was the Turkish conquest of the Near East, which apparently was a very real threat to Christendom, that had to be countered by military action. With this in mind, the primary purpose of this essay is to identify the various reasons that contributed to the start of the first crusade, while disproving the fact that the first Crusade was a response to a military threat. In discovering the true cause of the first crusades it is necessary to examine it from all aspects from the start to the finish.
The Crusades were a bloody war that the church deemed holy and necessary for salvation of the knights soul. The Crusades are a highly controversial and very dark stain on the Catholic church and Hierarchies past. The war was brought to the church from there Roman allies who they had tense dealings with. The where seeking aid in the fight against the muslim turks. The church decreed there act holy and justified. The people who were under the churches thumb had no objections to the slaughter that their beloved God had suposably justified.
The Crusades was a very important moment in human history, it showed the clashes between religions for land that most people considered to be sacred or holy. There isn’t one Crusade but rather a series of them, but we’ll be looking primarily at the First Crusade, Second Crusade, Third Crusade, and a little bit of the Fourth. It all starts in Rome (Nov 27th 1095) where Pope Urban the Second receives an important message from Byzantine Emperor Alexios the First where he pleads for help in supressing the Turkish troops. After receiving the message the Pope (standing in a field outside the city of Clermont) calls for the public to join the military excursion to the Middle East, and swiftly declares a Crusade with the primary objective of securing holy sites [Jaspert, Nikolas. The Crusades]. What followed was a large migration of troops from France and Italy on August and September of 1096. The
At the close of the XIth century, the Crusades launched by Europe's kingdoms, headed by the papacy, had reached the height of their zeal. The people overwhelmingly came out in support of them, pledging their swords to the capture of the holy city of Jerusalem along with the entirety of the Holy Land. This enthusiasm, after all, was not without precedent; although it had failed in its ultimate objective of reclaiming Jerusalem from Arab forces, the Third Crusade succeeded in a multitude of other areas, and bolstered the resolve of the Christian world; or rather, it would have were it not for the increasingly great divide forming in a previously unified Christendom. The tensions between the Latin west and the Greek east had been present for
The first crusade was the first Christian journey to Jerusalem, the holy land so that they could aid the Eastern Christians lay siege to the city and take it back from the Saracens, a name for the Muslims during the Crusades. In November 1095, Pope Urban II called for the first crusade and announced it at the town of Clermont, central France. He proposed that Christians go to Jerusalem to liberate the church in the name of religious devotion, a cover-up for people seeking honour or glory. The crusaders were mainly comprised of peasants from France and Germany. When the crusade began on the 1st of November 1098, Bohemund and Raymond Toulouse both claimed to be in charge; an argument broke out. While the Crusaders captured the town of Ma’arra, Bohemud returned to Antioch and captured the city for himself. Bohemund proposed that he would let Raymond lead the crusade if he could have Antioch, and so Raymond led the crusade. On 7th June 1099, the crusaders finally reached Jerusalem. It is said that as the great walls of the city came within sight they wept with joy, but this was not the end of their journey. Jerusalem had solid defence and was heavily guarded which presented a challenge for the Crusaders as they did not have the necessary siege equipment to break through the walls as that would require wood which was scarce. Then a priest had a vision that if the Soldiers marched around the city 3 times bare foot. The crusaders did this and within a week they took control of the
The Crusades hold a place in the canon of Western history as valiant wars against the infidel in the East, motivated by an unparalleled pious zeal. Whilst revisions to this history have considered more mundane and ordinary motives, such as a want for land or an attempt to reinforce the Peace of God movement, there is something to be said of the religious motivations of the crusaders. The words ‘conquest’ and ‘conversion’ seem ideologically charged – with conquest being what is done by temporal rulers to physical land and people, and conversion being what is done to the spiritual self, by someone who does not have anything material to gain from the action. However, it can be argued that these lines can be blurred; I wish to present the case of conquest being religiously charged, and the idea that any subsequent conversion is of little importance. By examining the geographical targets of various crusaders, I will conclude that they were more interested in conquest than conversion: but this was not necessarily for earthly reasons alone.
On honor, the words and thoughts of this paper are my own. I have received no unauthorized help in writing this paper: Sean McFadden
When the Crusades were started by the Europeans and there were a series of wars against the Islamic state. We see that in 1095 the conflict lasted about 175 years and the Europeans led wars using the name of Christ. Europeans twisted the bible, gave false doctrine and used the bible as a weapon for their cause. The Europeans also attempted to use scripture to justify their violence and manipulated the words to fit their personal goals and agenda. The crusaders heart might have been in the right place, but they left devastation wherever they went.
Before the first Crusade, Western Europe had become a place with not much progress, confined from other civilizations and hidden in the Dark Ages that had gone down on Western Christendom after the collapse of the Roman Empire. At the time of the first Crusade, the Middle East and Western Europe were greatly divided. The Crusades contributed to the end of Western Europe’s global isolation by introducing an era in which Western Europe came into direct contact with the large trade routes that united their civilization with Asia.
With total autonomy to kill and plunder as they please alongside a godly, miracle-like victory in their first ever attempt in a series of holy wars, the Crusades stand out as a key point in the history of both Christianity and the medieval world as a whole. It is undeniable that religious devotion played a factor in the Crusades; in an era where Europe was a land of chaotic violence, a quick chance to absolve oneself from any sin was immensely appealing. Yet from the wars' very origin to their ways of recruiting and actions on the battlefield, this apparent devotion that is the heart of the Crusades is repetitively contradicted. The holy wars would never have reached the height they did – or
The crusades was a religious war between Muslims and Christians started primarily to secure control of holy sites considered sacred by both groups. The crusades occurred in the Middle East between 1095 and 1291, there were nine crusades in total. Ask anyone if they’ve ever heard of the Crusades the answer would most likely be yes. But does that mean they know what the crusades were. No. And most people are unaware of the beginning of the bloodshed that took place. So what was the beginning? How did it all start?