The First Half Of The Twentieth Century

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Sidi Mahdi Mardakli The first half of the twentieth century has been the most dreadful, and the most unstable of all time for the humanity. Wars, conflicts, and genocides plagued many parts of the world during that time especially in Europe which became the main battlefield for two major wars. It is certainly the worst period of human kind’s history. Millions lost their lives in what became the deadliest period of humanity. Beyond its dreadful aspect, this period showed how radical nationalism combined with deep imperial rivalries and “frantic scrambles for land and resources” came close to wipe out a whole generation and may be the whole world. Some attitudes and practices made the ground to all these situations. But overall it seems…show more content…
Battle for lands and territories As mentioned earlier, Europeans powers and Japan start looking for land and resources in other places. “The period between 1870 and 1945 was characterized by sustained and intensive imperial activity that remapped significant portions of the globe”. In what became a fierce competition for land and resources, the “territorial accumulation became both a symbolic and material index of national power and international standing: advocates of colonialism in recently unified nation-states of Germany and Italy as well as in Meiji Japan gave particularly strong expression to the idea that an extensive empire was a crucial indicator of a nation’s strength and modernity.” This element describes the feeling inside European powers about their colonial policy. A deep nationalistic feeling about the competition for land was prevailing. New powerful empires were built thanks to the land and resources controlled in other parts of the world. The German empire was an example. But “World War 1 ((1914-1918) marked the end of this empire: some German colonies were seized by rivals at the outset of the war, while the remaining territories were redistributed among France, Belgium, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, and Japan under the provision of Article 22 of the Treaty of Versaille.” German’s Lebensraum The rise of Adolph Hitler to power in 1933 inaugurated a new
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