The First Jewish Diaspora

1490 WordsJun 19, 20186 Pages
The word Diaspora in Greek means dispersion. The Jewish Diaspora had three main periods to it: the Babylonian exile, the Hellenistic dispersion, and the Roman War (R. Sands, 1). The Jewish Diaspora began in 586 BCE when the Jews were deported from their motherland, Judea, as a result of shifts of power and war (R. Sands, 1). After this came the Hellenistic part of the Diaspora which was the voluntary movement of the Jews. In the Roman War, Jews were again forced to leave their homeland after the Romans destroyed their temple again for a second time. Despite these hardships, however, the Jewish people never forgot about God and His promises for His people. They believed that these things had to happen because they had been prophesized. The…show more content…
The 3rd part of the Diaspora was probably the worst. Starting in 6 CE, the Romans ruled Judea. Gradually, King Herod took away many Jewish traditions such as blowing the Shofar during Rosh Hashanah (R. Sands, 1). Finally, after 50 years of this, the four year war between the Jews and the Romans began. By 70 CE, the second temple of Jerusalem had been destroyed by the Romans under King Titus. After this destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans, most of the Jewish population there was left scarce as most of the Jews had died or fled. When the temple was destroyed in 70 CE the period of the second exile began. This time, the Romans exiled the Jewish people just as the Babylonians had done before. However, during most of the period of this second exile, there have always been some Jews living in Jerusalem ("The Destruction"). The Jewish people had not completely left Jerusalem, nor had the forgotten about their temple which had been destroyed twice now. When the four-year battle was over in 119 CE, the Jews went back to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple once again (R. Sands, 1). During both exiles, the Jewish people never forgot about God. They did believe that these things had to happen because they were written in scriptures in the Bible, and they had to be fulfilled. The Jewish people held on to God, believing that no matter how evil the king, no matter how sinful the people, the word of God to His prophets was never a word of despair, never
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