The First Jewish Roman War

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As briefly stated in the previous section of this paper, John was writing to both Jewish and Gentile Christians, post the First Jewish-Roman war. The era of his writing and the audience to which he was writing greatly affected what he was communicating with this passage of Scripture. The logos in the 90’s CE would have been understood by Greeks through a Platonic and Stoic worldview as a mediatory means between the divine and human realms or as the “reason”, the force by which the universe was structured. Philo, a first-century philosopher combined this understanding of the logos with the Jewish conception of “wisdom personified.” Before the writings of John’s Gospel, the Jewish writings personified Wisdom as a divine mediator of God’s person and intent (see Proverbs 8:27; 29-30; 35-36). One can see how language like this shapes and forms the understanding of Jesus that John wanted to convey to his audience. The Hellenistic audience, influenced by Plato would see Jesus as the mediating agent between heaven and earth, which was confirmed by Jesus in John 1:51, while Jewish readers would understand the Word of God through an Old Testament worldview as God in action, specifically in creation, revelation and deliverance. Craig Keener talks of John’s usage of logos in this way,
By calling Jesus ‘the Word,’ John calls him the embodiment of all God’s revelation in the Scriptures and thus declares that only those who accept Jesus honor the law, fully (1:17). Jewish
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