The First Reason Is Not Written By An Apostle

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In the beginning of the "Preface to James" from Luther Works, he provides his personal opinion about the epistle, James. He believes that James is a good book, although not written by an apostle. Luther makes these claims because of two main reasons. The first reason is " It is flatly against St.Paul and all the rest of Scripture in ascribing justification to works". (Luther, "Preface")He explains how James and St.Paul have a complex differentiation between Abraham and his works. James teaches that Abraham was justified by his works when he offered his son Isaac (2:20). However, in Romans 4:22-22 St.Paul states that Abraham was justified apart from works, by his faith alone, before he offers his son. Further behind the two scriptures, St. Paul provides proof by Moses in Genesis 15:6. This proof can not be denied by the epistle and sets him in his place without the title as an apostle. Luther 's second reason is " It 's purpose is to teach Christians, but in all this long teaching it does not once mention the Passion, the Resurrection, or the Spirit of Christ." (Luther, "Preface")James was known for spreading the word of God, although this good work was not approved of Luther. He comes to the understanding that James cared about his faith with God, but did not preach about the most important events about Jesus. Luther acknowledges his belief that " Whatever does not teach Christ is not yet apostolic."(Luther, "Preface) His article comes to an end with his conclusion that
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