The First Relationships We Form With Our Caregivers Forms

1708 WordsApr 24, 20177 Pages
The first relationships we form with our caregivers forms a pathway in which we continue to follow in future social interactions as we get older. This initial emotional bond, whether secure, insecure or ambivalent, typical is formed with our mom and dad, is known as attachment. John Bowlby, presented his theory regarding the stages in attachment development in 1969. In the primary stage of preattachment, beginning from birth to around six weeks of age, occurs when newborns develop sensory preferences that allow them to form connections with the primary caregiver, typically the mother. In the second stage, attachment in the making, infants develop a form of stranger anxiety and can distinguish between familiar and unfamiliar faces.…show more content…
Early parent-child relationships that foster insecure attachments may lead to the expectation that other relationships will have these characteristics as well which eventually will cause a disruption among the development of social relationships amongst peers (Cassidy et al, 1996). Groh, Fearon, Bakermans-Kranenburg, van Ijzendoorn, Steele and Roisman (2014) sought create a meta-analysis to provide a comprehensive review of studies regarding the significance of early attachment in relation to child development and future social relationships with peers. Per previous research, (Schneider 2001) early secure attachment plays an important role in fostering social and emotional adaptation. The study hypothesized that secure early attachment will positively correlate to peer competence while, insecure attachment will negatively correlate with peer competence. To effectively assemble data for the meta-analysis, Groh et. al (2014) used several methods. 80 independent samples were used to determine the relationship between early attachment and peer relationships in children. The initial process involved in extensive search on the PsychInfo databases, using keywords to limit their search. All studies that examined the relationship between attachment and peer relationships outside of the family were included in the meta-analysis. Socially development and peer relationships were assessed using self-response methods provided by parents, teachers and other
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