The First Secondary School For Four Years After The End Of World War II

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In 1918, under the United Nations mandate, Britain occupied Tanganyika and Zanzibar, at the same time adding subsidies to the education system previously under German control. By the contrast, the people in Tanganyika did not appreciate the colonial education, they instead, viewed it as an interruption to their agriculture routine as it intended to profit the colonial regime instead of people (Ingham, 2013). In the meantime, education fashioned aristocracies and servers, where indigenous people saved as servants to the colonial rulers (lords). The colonial rulers replaced the tradition of Tanganyika with foreign values (Nyerere, 1967) through education they provided. The first Secondary school in Tanganyika opened in 1930, essentially 50 years after the colonial powers came to Tanganyika. Fifteen years later, at the end of World War II in 1945, Tanganyika still owned the same single secondary school offering education for four years merely contains six students. Additionally, by 1954, less than 10% of children from Tanganyika were in schools (Nyerere, 1967), and during independence in 1961, the country had 490,000 students with four years level primary school graduated (Nyerere, 1967). By that time, the Index Mundi website report the approximate population of 10,373,270 in Tanganyika (Index Mundi). Among the population, the UN website specifies just about 4, 600,000 or 45% of the population were children at the age of 0-14 (The UN Website). Similar, in the period, at

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