The First Ten Amendments For The United States Constitution

1163 WordsApr 14, 20175 Pages
Civics The first ten amendments added to the U.S. Constitution, now known as the Bill of Rights, have played a fundamental role in the Constitution. Still in effect today, the Bill of Rights has become a necessity in order to protect the individual rights of American citizens. In order to prevent an oppressive centralized government, James Madison, America’s fourth president, decided to lay the foundation of civil liberties in ten amendments. The First Amendment allows citizens the freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. In other words, the government is prohibited by the Constitution from interfering with practices regarding religion, nonviolent protests/rallies, with what citizens have to say, and where citizens…show more content…
In protection of an individual’s Fourth Amendment rights, the exclusionary rule was established - restricting illegally obtained evidence to be used against a defendant in a court of law. An exception to the Fourth Amendment would be a “probable cause,” indicating that enough evidence is already gathered to prove that a crime has likely been committed. A probable cause would give officials the permission to do searches. In essence, the Fourth Amendment isn’t a guarantee against all searches and seizures, but against those that are lawfully unreasonable. The Fifth Amendment covers the right to due process of law, freedom from self-incrimination, and double jeopardy. Due process gives any citizen charged with a crime a fair trial that follows a defined procedure through the judicial system. Freedom from self-incrimination forbids the government from forcing someone to testify against themselves and requiring police to tell people that they have the “right to remain silent” to remind citizens that they don’t necessarily have to confess. Double jeopardy keeps people from being tried for the same exact crime more than once. To clear it up, it wouldn’t be considered a double jeopardy if the murder wasn’t committed at the exact time and place; it wouldn’t be considered the same
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