The First Wave Of Terrorism

1740 WordsApr 9, 20177 Pages
There continues to be a widespread scholarly debate on the concept of “new” and ‘old’ terrorism, where ‘new’ terrorism phenomenon is predominately linked with ‘religious’ terrorism. David Rapoport, also known as one of the most well known founding figures of terrorism studies, joined UCLA in 1962 as a political theorist and later he became a founder and editor of Terrorism and Political Violence (UCLA). The idea of religious terrorism coincides with Rapoport’s (2004) theory on the waves of modern terrorism, especially the fourth wave. Rapoport (2004) contends that modern terrorism should be split into waves with each wave being prevailed by a certain ideology. The fourth wave, which is the current wave today, is motivated by extreme…show more content…
For example, some groups that have been herald as a terrorist organisation, such as Hamas, are mainly secular and driven by non-religious objectives (Schulzke NA). Furthermore, Rapoport (2004) argues that ethno-religious conflicts are generally more violent than other forms of terrorism, however he fails to clearly elaborate what kind of behaviours would constitute as an ethno-religious conflict. Rapoprt’s claim is not consistent since so many religious individuals do not engage in any kind of violence. Furthermore, Rapoport (2004) focuses on non-state terrorist organisations that engage in organized religious violence, it turns the attention away from several forms of other religious violence that occurred informally or at the order of elites or political leaders. However this argument is not within Rapoport‘s scope of interest in terrorism. Nonetheless, this narrow theory consequently portrays religious violence as less common then it actually is since it does not take into consideration all types of religiously driven attacks. By analysing Rapoport’s (2004) theory on modern terrorism, it is evident that there are some critical flaws. Rapoport’s (2004) theory on the Four Waves of Terrorism is fixed whereas
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