The Five Functions Of Management

2125 Words9 Pages
Introduction Management is the manner of taking responsibility to oversee activities of an organization so it can achieve its objectives. The manager is responsible for carrying out certain functions which include: planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling. Managers, regardless of the level, share in these common duties. The five functions of management are interconnected. For success to be achieved, the five functions must all be implemented in line with the vision of the organization. Management foresee into the future and develop a plan. After a strategic plan is in place, management must organize the company’s resources and workforce to implement the plan. Along the way, they should offer good leadership and control of…show more content…
However, the effectiveness of these approaches have been questioned. Research was done to find out the extent to which the Toyota Production System has been applied to some South African Organizations (Nortje & Snaddon, 2013). The article explains the system using Bateson theory. According to the theory, the Toyota Production System is divided into four levels: activities of the lowest level, strategies, values, and purpose, in that order. The strategies used in the system are: empowering employees, eliminating waste before it occurs, promoting flow, increasing effectiveness and efficiency at each stage, standardization, formalizing industrial engineering, creating intelligent processes, balancing resources, enabling visual management, increasing customer value, organizing by value stream and deploying policy. The values upheld are: respect for people, teamwork, kaizen (continuous improvement of employees) and genchi genbutsu (meaning “go see”). According to the system, the purpose of all these activities is to achieve perfection, contribution, honour and success (Nortje & Snaddon, 2013). To test this hypothesis, seven organizations were selected. Data was gathered using multiple case studies from a number of sources. The study results showed the need to study the Toyota production system and understand how it operates. This way, any organization deciding to adopt the system can easily adjust to suit its product, process and values. The authors then highlight the
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