The Five Themes In King Leopold's Ghost

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King Leopold II was a cruel and greedy man who wanted to expand Belgium’s power by taking over the Congo. He would kill to better his country. He convinced the Congolese people that he wanted to colonize Africa. Little did they know, it was the start of Leopold taking over the Congo, stealing their riches, and enslaving the Congolese people. Adam Hochschild's King Leopold’s Ghost illustrates the five themes of AP World History in the following ways: Hochschild's book applies to the first theme, Interaction between Humans and the Environment because the book deals with diseases, migration, population growth, and technology. For example, the author mentions on page 10 how a village near Diogo Cäo’s stone pillar south shore of the Congo River estuary became a slave port. Over 5,000 African slaves were forcely migrated across the Atlantic. Many were shipped directly to the Americas and others were captured by African slave dealers who bought slaves from local chiefs and headmen. To add onto the reasons the book applies to this theme, technology is human knowledge which involves tools and other systems. One may use technology for manufacturing, creating artifacts, communication, transportation, etc. In the book, the Congolese people were without writing however, they forged copper into jewelry and iron into weapons. Also, when the Europeans came to Congo, they brought many diseases with them such as smallpox and sleeping sickness which caused many Congolese to die. Next, the theme Development and Interaction of Cultures deals with religion, philosophies, art, such as: dance, painting, sculpting, and how believed systems changed overtime. In the book, the author mentions the Kuba people, Africa’s greatest artists. They work in “masks, sculpture, textiles, and elaborately carved tools.” Also, in chapter 11, in the year 1897, Leopold had a world fair where the Congolese people had to dance, cook, and drummed. To add on, when King Leopold came to Africa and manipulated people into thinking he was trying to help the country, the Congolese people believed in a term “the white man’s burden”. Basically, it was a saying that was used when people wanted to civilize countries like Africa which was probably the reason
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