Essay The Forbidden City

2571 Words Feb 17th, 2011 11 Pages
Favorable of the Forbidden City
The Forbidden City is the world largest surviving palace in China. It, first, built by Han dynasty. Later after collapsed of the Han dynasty, the first emperor of Ming dynasty moved the capital to Nanjing, but it then moved back to old palace in Beijing and the constructions began again in 1406 A.C. The Forbidden Palace was a Chinese imperial city during Ming and Qing dynasties. It was a home for twenty-four emperors. The palace consists of nine hundred buildings and nine thousand nine hundred ninety nine rooms. In additional, the palace was not only the center of politics, but it also the center of culture, the arts, poetry, history and science. Furthermore, Chinese people, in Ming and Qing dynasties,
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Furthermore, on the roof form, the column- beam- and- strut also permits several roof styles. First is ‘Zuanjian’, pyramid- shaped roof. The other one is ‘Wudian’, a hipped roof, and ‘Xieshan’, a combination hip-gable. These three types of roof have two adjacent slopes that meet above each of four corners at forty-five-degree angles. However, another most outstanding Chinese traditional characteristic, through stylistic, is ‘Dougong’, a combination of block and supporting arm. Dougong has been use ever since Han Dynasty, fifth century B.C. to third century A.D, and developed itself to reached peak point in Tang and Song dynasty, from seventh to thirteen centuries. More importantly, it preserved the structural integrity of the wooden framework, functioning the collar beam in modern architecture. Dougong gradually shrank in size and lost its important as a structural member to become a stylized traditional decorative, in Ming and Qing Dynasties. By the use of dougong, it demonstrates a progress in the beginning as the technical standard then reached the apex point, and finally turned down to an insignificant role as a stylistic element. Another example of architectural development in style during Ming and Qing Dynasties is the garden element. The landscape garden design has gone through a long historic phase of development. The garden evolved into two types, royal and private gardens. The private garden served to the residences for enjoyment, relaxation, and living

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