The Formation Of Secure Attachments With The Primary Caregiver

1616 WordsOct 27, 20147 Pages
The formation of secure attachments with the primary caregiver is thought to be of great significance by John Bowlby, who believed that the infant was completely reliant on the caregiver to care and provide for them (as cited in Psychology, Martin, Carlson & Buskist). Those children with sensitive caregivers would grow up to be more confident and developed in all aspects of life, for example forming relationships in later life. Those with unresponsive caregivers would see the world as unpredictable and unreliable. Nelson (1996) claimed that the bond between the primary caregiver and child is extremely important in how an infant sees the world around them (as cited in Attachment from infancy to childhood). Yet, attachments, in this case insecure ones, are not the only reason as to why we develop into the individuals we are. There are other causes that are unrelated to attachment that explain our later development. In this discussion, the primary caregiver will be the mother. Attachment is considered vital for later life in terms of social development. Evidence for this was provided by Waters et al. (1979); children who were securely attached in their infancy years were prone to be more popular and sociable in nursery at the age of 3.5 years. In comparison, Erickson et al. (1985) found that insecurely attached children had more difficulty in being sociable in later life, displaying hostility, withdrawn and lacked social skills. If a child is in non-maternal care, this
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