The Formation Of The Barrow

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The earliest strata layers are layers 6, figure 3.2, in the eastern portion and layer 4, figure 3.3, in the western portion. These layers share a common buried soil layer that covered the chalk base, I recommend that samples of layers 6, figure 3.2, and layer 4, figure 3.3, soil be sent for analysis to determine if there can be any faunal evidence of the area before the construction of the barrow. This is the existing ground layer that served as the base on which the barrow was built in the Neolithic period. Layer 5, figure 3.2, of the eastern portion and level 3, figure 3.3, of the western, were at one time one layer. This layer is representative of the Neolithic burial. In the eastern layer 5, figure 3.3, there are two posthole sized…show more content…
Interestingly, Burke-Holt describes a “pyramid of loose flints and turves, lumps of turf, in the center of the barrow. While there is no indication of this in our investigation, the flints could be an indication of either the practical or the spiritual. Turves may be a source of light while burned, the pyramid stacking of these items could eliminate natural falling from a roof or other natural sources during the fill of the chamber. Since this is secondary context, there can be not a true interpretation of the meaning in context, except the side note that flint is found naturally formed in chalk layers such as the base of the barrow, and Burke-Holt postulation that the barrow dates to the Celtic or “early colonist” of Britain. The area was filled at a later period, forming today’s earthen mound indicated in figure 3.2. Layer 3, figure 3.3, in the western portion of the barrow, finds that it is fill used to build and support the barrow, it is made up of sterile chalk rubble and flint nodules and possibly quarried from a nearby location or from the construction of the ditch. At the same layer on the eastern portion labeled 4 on figure 3.2 there is a composition of layered pile of turves to further seal the barrow within this a broken ground stone axe labeled f in figure 3.2, is uncovered towards the lower portion
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