The Formation of Black English and Its Influences on American Culture

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1. Introduction African American Vernacular English (AAVE) is one special dialect of American English, and it is different from Standard American English. African American Vernacular English can also be called as Black English, Black Vernacular English or African American Language (AAL).Black English had been discriminated for a long time in history. There was a saying that “Black English is not a language”. The saying is not correct. According to Montgomery, culture should not be biased, but should be including all that are produced and shared by the society( Montgomery 7). Even though Black English is different from Standard English, Black English has its unique linguistic system. It has its own system in phonetics, lexicology and…show more content…
Well-known linguist William Labov is the first one to system study Black English. On June of 1979, Detroit court judged that Black English is a language. That means Black English finally earned its status. 3. Characteristics of Black English In his book Information to Those Who Would Remove to America, Benjamin Franklin recorded a short paragraph as follows: Boccarorra [a form of buckra 'white man']make de Black Man workee, make de Horse workee, make de Ox workee, made ebery thing workee; only de Hog. He, de Hog, no workee; he eat, he drink, he walk about, he go to sleep when he please, he libb like a gentleman. (Franklin 606) This short paragraph is a clear evident that the Black English has its own characteristics in some aspects. Its phonetics, grammar and lexicology are different The Black English has its own characteristics in some aspects. Its phonetics, grammar and lexicology are different from Standard English. Even though there are some differences in certain aspects of language between Black English and American English, after all, Black English is a variant of English. So the differences are only in some degree rather than fundamental. 3.1 Phonetics The first generation of black American was all African slaves, so their African tone was inevitable when they spoke English. The African tone mixing with Standard English tone makes the special Black English tone.

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