Essay on The Forms of Propaganda Used by the State in Nazi Germany

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The Forms of Propaganda Used by the State in Nazi Germany

One of the purposes of dictatorship was to give the Nazis control of people's lives. The more control they had, the more easily they could put their aims into effect. The job of controlling people thus became one of the main tasks of the Nazi state. Party propaganda was evident throughout German society and served as a means by which the state could effectively reach every German and summon absolute loyalty to the Nazi party. Following the Nazi party's rise to power in 1933, Hitler established the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda headed by Joseph Goebbels - who was a master of propaganda that used all means at his
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Goebbels made certain that the press put across Nazi views. Non-Nazi newspapers were taken over and many private newspapers were bought by the Nazi publishing company, until two-thirds of the press were under its control. Newspaper editors were required to attend a conference each day where they were told what news they could print. The press department of the Ministry of People's Enlightenment and Propaganda directed journalists on what line they should take with their articles. The Nazis succeeded in muzzling the press to a large extent. However, due to the bland, sterile journalism that came as a result of this, there was a 10% decline in newspaper circulation in these years.

Radio, which was one of the main forms of media during this time, was also used extensively as a medium through which propaganda was dispensed. There were more radios per head of the population in Germany than in any other country in Europe. Hitler and Goebbels both realised the potential of this medium and used it on a massive scale. When he came into power, Goebbels brought all German broadcasting under Nazi control. He dismissed 13% of the staff on racial grounds and replaced them with his own men. In order for radio to reach the public, the government made provision for the production of a cheap radio set called 'The People's Receiver'. By 1939 70% of German homes had a radio. It became a medium of mass
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