The Foundation of Understanding Human Anatomy During Renaissance Period

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Our understanding in anatomy and physiology today will be deadened without the knowledge from the Renaissance period. Let take a short step to look at what is Renaissance? Based historian, Renaissance means rebirth because “it [is] believed that the human spirit [has] to be reawakened as it [is] in the classical (Greco-Roman) times” (). During this time, the new conception of human emerges as individualism which means a man can create his own destiny, and humanism in which “humans are the center of the universe” (). With their free will and the motion in seeking personal fame, artists engage themselves in learning the structure of human body to make their works more lifelike. With such knowledge, they have built the foundation for our…show more content…
First, it is the perspectival depiction technic which Mantegna uses to portray Christ body. The painting appears with Christ body in the center lying on a marble slab with Virgin Mary and St.John by his side. From the viewer’s angle, one can see the anatomical details in Christ body especially his thorax. It is because Mantegna uses “foreshortens and dramatizes the recumbent [of Christ] figure” (). However, Christ’s feet are smaller in the size so that they cannot interfere the view of Christ body. If Mantegna draws Christ’s feet in proper size, it may cover much of the body. This painting is one of the most masterpiece as example for perspective technic. Even thought Mantegna uses foreshorten to make Christ’s body appearing shorten, the physical structure of his body is still represented accuracy. By using the perspectival depiction technic, Mantegna also expresses his understanding of human anatomy through Christ’s figure. For the first look, we can see Christ’s thorax is described in detail. His bond and muscle of the chest appears natural. Besides, the wound in his arms and feet are small hole surround by broken flesh. It is understandable in our world today due to our knowledge of anatomy. The wound looks like that because people takes the nail which stuck Christ’s arms and legs to the cross out. The broken flesh is the trace of the nail being stuck in his arms and feet. However,
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