The Foundational Concept Of The Renaissance

1240 Words Nov 12th, 2014 5 Pages
The foundational concept of the Renaissance was humanism during the fourteenth and fifteenth century. Humanism started in the capital city of Florentine (Florence), which is in the Italian region of Tuscany. Studia humanitatis (studies of humanity), is a latin term coined during the Renaissance period and was used by Cicero and other Roman writers. Studia humanitatis consisted of five subjects: (i.) grammar, (ii.) rhetoric, (iii.) history, (iv.) poetry, (v.) moral philosophy. Francesco Petrarca, also known as Petrarch, was an Italian scholar and poet who lived in Florence. He was the one who restored Cicero’s idea of humanism. Petrarch’s works were spread widely throughout Italy in cities like Florence, Milan, Padua, and Naples. From Petrarch’s works being spread all across Italy, humanist learning started to form political ideologies. Thus, Petrarch was known as the Father of Humanism. The works of Petrarch influenced the rise of “Civic Humanists”. Civic humanism developed in Florence circa 1390-1450. Hans Baron, who was a scholar of the late medieval and modern Italian history, studied the Italian Renaissance and more specifically the question of civic humanism. Around 1928 he introduced the term civic humanism. Civic humanism emerged in the era of the Renaissance and was influenced by the governmental forms and texts of Cicero and other Roman writers. Civic humanism was constructed around the ideas of civic virtue, civic society, and mixed government. Bruno states that…
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