The Foundations Of Modernist Approaches

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CIAM and the foundations of modernist approaches to urbanism
In 1928 the Congrès International d 'Architecture Moderne (CIAM) was formed in order to unify and define certain manifestos of how modernism would be translated to architecture, urbanism, and habitat. CIAM sought to organize the ideas of modern architecture and formalize these thoughts to shape political, economic, and ecological theories. A series of conferences was held with leading architects, theorists, and planners to create and define a certain aesthetic and philosophy for architectural and urbanistic ideals.

The first three conferences were held from 1928-30 and were engaged with topics ranging from an introduction to CIAM, land development, and dwelling. Much of the discussion was about architectural topics and principles and it was not until the fourth conference when the foray into urban planning began. The figurehead and leader of the CIAM conferences was Le Corbusier, who before the conferences had begun to delve into using tenents of modernism to create a better urban living condition, or habitat.

Early approaches to urbanism: Ville Contemporaine & Ville Radieuse
Before CIAM IV, Le Corbusier had already experimented with different typologies and designs in order to better define the city. Two of his projects that sought to change the fundamental nature of street and building type were his Ville Radieuse and the Ville Contemporaine.

Both projects rejected the notion of the street being the public
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