In order to overcome behavioral problems such as anxiety, depression or fear, individuals usually communicate their problems or anxieties with their trusted friends or family members. In case of a somewhat complicated problem, a counselor is consulted. These are a relatively simple form of psychotherapies that individuals have been practicing from centuries. However, with the development of modern science and advancements in the field of psychology, theorists have identified some more effective approaches for psychoanalysis. The most noticeable work in this regard was done by Sigmund Freud who was the first to develop modern techniques for psychoanalysis. Despite of the fact that Freud’s approaches towards psychoanalysis
Before the time that Freud used hypnosis, treatments of mental illnesses were on the backburner. His passion for the unconscious mind led to his practice of hypnosis to treat mental illnesses. He believed that hypnosis could produce a physical symptom, in the body and the hidden part of the mind he labeled as “the unconscious”. It proved to not have an impact to end his patients’ hysterias. I believe that hypnosis was a step in the right direction to help cure, however the therapy of “the talking cure” was a better method due to most of his clients being females. Females love to talk about their feelings and feel a lot better after doing so. You can solve a lot of problems just by talking to get the back-story of where the problems first originated. You would be amazed what someone is willing to share. Freud would have needed to talk to them first before hypnotizing his patients, as a method to understand on a deeper level their suppressed memories or to influence their involuntary actions. The talking cure works just like counseling. In my personal experience, counseling is a great way to listen and interpret in order to change how we acted in the
Freud is held most famous for introducing psychoanalysis as a method of mental health treatment. Psychoanalysis is a psychological theory that investigates the conscious and subconscious minds with the goal of treating mental disturbances. Psychoanalysis essentially retrieves a patient’s repressed feelings and fears to the surface with techniques such as hypnosis, word association, dream interpretation, and hesitations and fumbles. Although Freud was not originally a fan of hypnosis, it was theorized to be an effective of way of channeling the subconscious mind. Word associations are the first things that come into mind. It goes straight through the id, so there is no time to channel the ego or superego. In other words, when someone says the first word that goes through their mind, it gives Freud a way to see into their subconscious mind and discover the trauma that the patient may have experienced. The patient does not have the opportunity to over think about what he is saying. According to Freud, dreams arouse feelings that are disguised and the unconscious mind can be investigated by tracking and interpreting dreams. An example of a hesitation or fumble is a Freudian slip, which is when someone
The psychoanalytical approach developed by Freud concentrates on uncovering unconscious information responsible for a patient’s
After two busts, Freud was not worried and felt that he was on the brink of finding a method with lasting effects. This is when he developed the method called free association. Free association was a method he developed that allowed him to tap into the patient's unconscious mind while the patient was still conscious (Alexander 15). Free association involves the doctor using different techniques or games so the patient responding with the first thing that comes to their mind. This includes word association, ink blots, and just meaningless conversation to catch grammar habits or anything else that could be used to key into an emotional or mental problem. It is used to help dig into a patient’s inner thoughts because the patient wasn’t thinking but letting their unconscious express itself.
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) is responsible for developing the Psychoanalytic Theoretical Perspective; Freud argued that our early life experiences are essentially the base to our subconscious mind and in turn heavily influence our current behavior. Freud believed that people could be treated and healed by articulating their dreams and childhood memories allowing an individual to gain insight into these unconscious thoughts and ultimately motivate them to resolve the repressed conflicts within. This technique was developed into a therapy used today known as Psychoanalysis, similar to hypnosis, it was founded in 1896 (“Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories.”). Just like any other psychological theory, there are many interesting concepts to Freud's Psychoanalytic Theoretical Perspective. The theory says that your personality is determined by the manner in which your behaviors have been depicted to the unconscious mind, this theory tells us that our behavior is completely
When Dr. Breuer treated Anna O for her “hysteria” and her mental and physical symptoms he discovered that as she began to talk of hidden thought processes about her experiences during their discussions, whether through hypnosis or while conscious, certain symptoms would disappear (Oxford Journals, 2005). Dr. Breuer discussed Anna O’s case with Sigmund Freud and Freud later perfected this “talking cure.” Also known as sweeping the chimney or sweeping the mind.
Sigmund Freud was the discoverer and inventor of psychoanalysis and coined the term in 1896 after publishing studies on Hysteria with Joseph Breuer in 1895. Psychoanalysis still remains unsurpassed in its approach to understanding human motivation, character development, and psychopathology. Freud’s insights and analyses of psychic determinism, early childhood sexual development, and unconscious processes have left an indelible mark on psychology (Korchin, 1983).
It is difficult to summarize psychodynamic theory without a brief discussion of Freud. Sigmund Freud is the father of psychoanalysis, the father of psychodynamic theory, and in effect the father of modern psychotherapy. Freud's notions retain quite a bit of popularity, especially his ideas that things are not what they seem on the surface. Because of his understanding of the mind and behavior, Freud considered that overt behaviors were not always self-explanatory (or perhaps "not often explanatory" would be the better term). Instead, these overt or manifest behaviors represent some hidden motive. Sigmund Freud was trained as a neurologist and specialized in the treatment of nervous disorders. His early training involved using hypnosis with the French neurologist Jean Charcot in the treatment of hysteria, the presentation of baffling physical symptoms (mostly in young women) that appeared to have no physical origin (Hall, Lindzey, & Campbell, 1998). Freud also partnered with the Viennese physician Josef Breuer who practiced a revolutionary "talking cure" to reduce patients' symptoms by talking with them about how they felt as well as using hypnosis to remove emotional barriers to their feelings. He eventually abandoned the use of hypnosis in favor of a process he termed "free association" in which he had patients talk about what was on their minds without censoring their train of thought. This led Freud to develop his theory of the human mind as a complex system that is
Instead of research, Freud studied private practice medicine at the University of Vienna in 1873. After graduation, Freud worked at the Vienna General Hospital where he worked with Josef Breuer in creating a treatment for hysteria by hypnosis and served as a research assistant at the Institute of Physiology. In 1881, Freud obtained his doctorate’s degree in medicine. Then in 1885, Freud traveled to Paris on a one year scholarship to be a student of Jean Charcot, a neurologist. Upon returning to Vienna in 1886, Freud created his own private practice that specialized in brain and nervous disorders. Later that same year, Freud married Martha
Freud, who had been studying neuropathology, left Vienna in 1885 to continue his studies in Paris under the guidance of Jean Martin Charcot. This proved to be the turning point in his career, for Charcot’s work with patients classified as “hysterics” introduced Freud to the possibility that
"My life is interesting only if is related to psychoanalysis" said Sigmund Freud, a pioneer in the world of psychology and psychoanalysis ("Sigmund Freud - Life and Work."). Freud had a passion for the mind. Not just the mind of the average man but also the minds of the sick and tortured souls. He built his life around knowledge and manipulation of others minds to give them peace and reach understanding. Though he has been condemned as a cult leader and a fraud, Sigmund Freud is undisputedly the most influential person ever to grace the world of psychology and psychoanalysis (Hunt 166). There were social, economic, and cultural influences on Sigmund Freud which affected his lifetime achievements.
Anna Freud, daughter of Sigmund Freud, was one of six siblings actually interested in psychoanalysis. Anna began by studying language and eventually became a teacher. It wasn’t until she attended a meeting with the Vienna Psychoanalytic society that she began to do analytic training. Her background in teaching lead her to the study of child psychology. Although her father focused mainly on adults and how adults influenced children, Anna wanted to use this kind of psychoanalysis to focus on children. After he passed away she wanted to continue to study psychoanalysis, which brought her to write multiple papers and books about her theories (Fine, 1985). Anna Freud was an important part of developing psychoanalysis, and her work can still be seen today.
Sigismund Schlomo Freud also known as Sigmund Freud (6th May 1856 - 23rd September 1939) is claimed to be “The Father of Psychoanalysis”, where Psychoanalysis is a method of treating mental illness by talking. Being a neurologist, his initial introduction of the talking cure method was abducted and further developed with a physician, Josef Breuer on a hysteria patient known as Anna O. However, Breuer disagreed with Freud, as he was emphasising more on sexual origins. Freud was then curious to find out about the unconscious mind and proposed a topographical model of an iceberg as an analogy to describe the three levels as well as the structure of the mind which he claims them as “The Psyche”.
Freud was interested by how Charcot used a hypnosis to treat hysteria. Freud started to experiment with hypnotherapy. He concluded that hypnotherapy effected patients and it could be