The Founding Fathers Of Sociology, Emile Durkheim

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This is what one of the founding fathers of sociology , Emile Durkheim , meant when he wrote in 1895 that the establishment of a sense of community is facilitated by a class of actors who carry a stigma and sense of stigmatization and are termed ‘deviant’. Unity is provided to any collectivity by uniting against those who are seen as a common threat to the social order and morality of a group. Consequently, the stigma and the stigmatization of some persons demarcates a boundary that reinforces the conduct of conformists. Therefore , a collective sense of morality is achieved by the Creation of stigma and stigmatization and deviance. “Author Gerhard Falk. The violation of any society’s norms is considering as Deviance. We can define deviance in a relative way because its definition differ between societies. For instance, The American culture consider such activities as purchasing of the service of prostitution, selling and smoking weed. On the other hand , the German or Netherlands culture consider same activities as acceptable. In Germany and Netherlands , prostitution is like any others jobs and it is legal. In Netherlands, smoking and selling weed is legal and you will not get arrested for it. The So called Deviant vary from one culture to another. To better understand the reasons which it occurs within a society, sociologist has developed these majors theories of deviance : Learning theory or socialization , control theory , labeling theory , conflict
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