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The Four Aspects Of The SARA Problem Solving Process

Decent Essays
Recent studies have illustrated the notion that relatively few offenders and locations are actually involved in crime, and that a small number of victims account for a large number of victimization. Based on this information, the police along with the community have determined that problems relating to crime can be most effectively resolved by analyzing repetitive crime patterns, such as repeat locations and offenders. Following their research, the police use the information they have gathered about these “hot spots”, along with any additional information they may have received from the community, and work together with those in their community in order to determine the reasoning behind a problem and the best solution for resolving it.

The SARA Model
The SARA problem solving process is an approach to crime used by police agencies who operate under the community policing model. In this process, officers are encouraged to follow four steps in which will allow them to most properly assess and solve reoccurring problems regarding crime within a community. In policing, a problem is typically defined as “two or more incidents that are similar in nature, are causing harm or have the potential to cause harm, and a situation that the public expects the police agency to handle”. Commonalities among these incidents can include the person involved, the location, behavior, and time frame. The four steps in the SARA process include: scanning, analysis, response, and evaluation.
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