The Four Dimensions Of Qualitative Research

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The following paper will discuss the qualitative research, while describing its dimensions, basic concepts, methods and differences. First, it will portray the four dimensions of the qualitative research: positivism, postpositivism, constructivism and objectivism, which are divided into epistemological and ontological. Secondly, it will describe the definition and basic concepts of the qualitative research; and thirdly, it will represent the five methods possible while conducting a qualitative research: phenomenology, ethnography, action research, grounded theory, and case study. It will elaborate each method’s definition, distinctive features and data collection methods. In the end, it will present the differences between all above mentioned research methods. I. Dimensions I.1. Epistemological positions Positivism is an epistemological position that supports the implementation of the methods of the natural sciences to the study of social reality. According to Johnson and Duberley (2000) it is an approach to research that attempts to match as closely as possible to that in the natural sciences, by: a) relying on observations of the empirical world. b) Avoiding the use of subjective or metaphysical speculation. c) Attempting to be objective,…show more content…
It implies that social phenomena and categories are not only produced through social interaction but that they are in a constant state of revision (Bryman et al. 2006). Social constructivists hold assumptions that individuals seek understanding of the world in which they live and work. Individuals develop subjective meanings of their experiences-meanings directed toward certain objects or things. These meanings are varied and multiple, leading the researcher to look for the complexity of views rather than narrowing meanings into a few categories or ideas (Creswell,
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