The Four Noble Truths Are The Essence Of Buddhist Thought

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The Four Noble Truths are the essence of Buddhist thought. Apparent throughout Buddha’s teachings are his desire to teach the techniques of discipline and uncover the ways to achieve wisdom, liberation and avoid misery. According to Buddha, the only way to achieve ‘Nirvana’ (a life free from suffering and complete liberation), is to comprehend and practice what he called the Four Noble Truths. The Four Noble truths require one to: 1. Understand the true nature of suffering (‘Dukkha’). 2. The origin of ‘Dukkha’. 3. The truth of the cessation of ‘Dukkha’. 4. The truth of the path leading to the cessation of Dukkha. Buddha professed that the ability to see things for their true nature will lead to the cessation of suffering. This…show more content…
Though suffering in a sense of physical, emotional and mental pain does exist, it doesn’t necessarily mean it exists to everyone as the declaration ‘life is dukkha’ suggests. Some people who identify as masochistic can in fact take great pleasure in having ‘pain’ inflicted upon them. It is a false assumption to assume that ‘Impermanence’ always leads to suffering. If a person experiences great displeasure, the termination of this pain and the fact that it is impermanent can actually bring about pleasure and great relief. Buddha also professes that being in a conditioned state causes suffering as it ultimately leads to dependence. This seems contradictory as such a prominent aspect of Buddhist thought involves dependence in the possibility of a better life when one is reincarnated? Moreover, dependency and being depended on does not necessitate suffering. Being responsible can drive people to achieve great things collaboratively and likewise putting one’s faith in others allows one to feel supported and secure. Buddha identified that life consists of suffering, therefore before a solution for suffering could be prepared; he had to identify the causes of suffering which forms the basis of the Second Noble Truth ‘Samudhaya’ (Sumedho, p 16). Buddha perceived ‘Tanah’ (thirst, desire or cravings) to be the ultimate reason for ‘Dukkha’ since these are nothing but temporary
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