The Four Principles Of Permaculture

1179 Words5 Pages
In the first chapter, we defined the twelve principles that permaculture follow as described by David Holmgren in his book Permaculture: principles & pathways beyond sustainability. According to the fifth principle, farmers in permaculture use and value renewable resources and services. Indeed, permaculture design aims to make best use of renewable natural resources in order to manage and foster productivity, although some use of nonrenewable resources is needed when we establish systems at the beginning. Likewise, renewable resources with passive functions are encouraged in Permaculture. These passive functions are the ones we get from plants, animals and living soil and water, without them being consumed. The best example is tree. A tree is generally used for wood as a renewable resource. However, when a tree is used as a shelter, or when the shade of tree is used in gardening to grow specific kind of plants, we take advantage from the living tree that was not consumed (burned to make a fire, or used to build something). Therefore, this advantage is not consuming and does not require any harvesting energy. Thanks to this simple but meaningful and powerful understanding,…show more content…
Produce no waste, or in other words, make the best use of all the outputs generating by your system. Permaculture responds to this criterion as it gives a role to all the outputs of the systems. Nothing goes to waste as every output will be used by at least one of the components of the system. Nothing becomes a pollutant as Bill Morison defined it – “an output of any system component that is not being used productively by any other component of the system” -. Therefore, in permaculture, all the resources of the system are being productively and efficiently used. 3.2.3 Agriculture protects and improves rural livelihoods, equity and social
Open Document