The Four Principles in Biomedical Ethics

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In this diverse society we are confronted everyday with so many ethical choices in provision of healthcare for individuals. It becomes very difficult to find a guideline that would include a border perspective which might include individual’s beliefs and preference across the world. Due to these controversies, the four principles in biomedical ethic which includes autonomy, beneficence, non-maleficence and justice help us understand and explain which medical practices are ethical and acceptable. These principles are not only used to protect the rights of a patient but also the physician from being violated. The principle of autonomy states, that an individual’s decision must be respected in all cases, also an individual can act freely in…show more content…
According to the principle of non-maleficence, “one ought not to inflict evil or harm to another and also ought to prevent evil or harm". This means that it is the job of health care providers is to keep patients from cause harm to themselves According to Beauchamp “obligations not to harm others are sometimes more stringent than obligations to help them.” For example in a case where a minor went to the hospital for checkup and then finds out that she is pregnant and does not want her mother to find out about her pregnancy. This is because she fears that her mother would pressure her to get an abortion. The patient already knew that her mother was suspicious and recognized that the discussion was both necessary and appropriate. She wants the physician to help her speak with her mother. In this case the pregnant minor wants to keep her baby but the mother of the minor wants her to abort the baby. In this situation a health care provider should help the pregnant by not going against the principles of non-maleficence in other to prevent cause of harm for the minor and the baby, the physician should help talk to the minor mother and reason with her so she could help change her mind and be in support of her daughter. Aborting the baby might inflict harm on the minor. In this case, the physician should do what is best for the minor since it is a physician's job to restrain harm from patients. Lastly
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