Essay on The Four Principles of Ethics in New Reproductive Technology

802 Words Mar 25th, 2015 4 Pages
The Four Principles of Ethics in New Reproductive Technology
Jamie Cormier
Health Care Ethics
Baker College
January 14, 2014

How can the principles of ethics (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice) assist in finding a middle ground on new reproductive technologies? The principles of ethics can assist in finding a middle ground on reproductive technologies by forcing the healthcare provider to consider first the patient and their well-being above all else, yet keeping in consideration the benefits and morality of the care they are giving. More often than not, there are more than two sides to every argument, especially when it comes to the latest reproductive technologies. “To obtain justifiable resolutions of these
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This is what seemingly creates the greatest conflict in how far the medical community should go in creating life. The principle of nonmaleficence, to do no harm, in reproductive technology can be applied to the prospective parents and the prospective child-the embryo. The procedures involved in attempting to impregnate a woman can be physically and emotionally damaging, but rewarding if done successfully. But the parties must first determine to what extent and at what cost will they risk to achieve their ultimate goal. It would cause great harm physically to the embryos if there were multiple unsuccessful attempts, but many would argue that the end outweighs the means, that it is worth it if the result was a viable pregnancy and healthy child. To consider beneficence, the health professional and prospective parents must be certain that there actually will be some benefit and understand that there is a great risk of being unable to produce a child, therefore resulting in no benefit, and possibly causing harm, both physically and emotionally. They must also consider whether it is worth the risk, and that solely depends on the details of the situation. Would it benefit all parties, including the child? If there is a higher health risk to the mother to go through pregnancy, does the benefit outweigh