The Four Types of Suicide that Durkheim Identified

573 WordsFeb 2, 20182 Pages
Suicide Durkheims study of suicide ‘A study in Sociology’ was the first sociological study of suicide which was published in 1987. Durkheim chose suicide personally due to his friend Victor Hommay 1886 committing an account of egoistic suicide. Durkheim was keen to establish the value of a sociological approach, by choosing suicide a highly personal act seemed more suited to a psychological rather than a sociological statement. He wanted to show that suicide was not just a product of individual psychology but that society also had an effect. He used Anomie to describe a condition of deregulation that was occurring in society and this meant that rules on how people behave with eachother breaking down. Anomie in simple terms is a state where norms are confused and is normlessness; Durkheim believed this would lead to deviant behaviour. He illustrated his concept of Anomie not in a discussion of crime but of suicide. Durkheim identified four types of suicide each of which are related to the level of integration or the level of regulation in society. The four types of suicide that Durkheim concluded are Altruistic; which occurs when there is excessive integration within a group and the individual would give their life to a group with a sense of loyalty, Anomic which is also know as ‘Anomie’ and French for normlessness; which would occur when an individual would undergo a rapid change and confusion over norms and values, Fatalistic; which occurs where there is
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