The Fourth Amendment Act Of The United States

1378 Words Jul 12th, 2015 6 Pages
Introduction:
The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is the part of the Bill of Rights that prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures and requires any warrant to be judicially sanctioned and supported by probable cause. In the landmark cases below, the cases went to court because the defendant accused law enforcement of violating their Fourth Amendment Rights. Under the Constitution the Fourth Amendment protects officers of unreasonable search and seizures.
Officials as public schools has the authority to search student’s property. These officials are representatives of the state and they do not need to obtain a warrant to search a student’s property. Officers are also protected under the Fourth Amendment when using a trained drug dog to investigate for evidence outside a person’s home. The following landmark cases had an impact on law enforcement.
Case 1: New Jersey v. T.L.O. 469 U.S. 325 (1985)
Facts: At a New Jersey High School, a fourteen year old girl and her companions was caught in the bathroom smoking cigarettes by a teacher. The girls were taking to the Principal’s office. In response to the Vice Principal’s questioning, the girls denied that they had been smoking. Upon demanding to see the girl’s purse, he found a pack of cigarettes and then noticed a rolling paper associated with marijuana. After a thorough search, the Vice Principal found some marijuana, a pipe, plastic bags, and other items associated with drug dealing. Delinquent proceedings were…
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