The Fourth Amendment Of The Us Constitution

929 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 4 Pages
In recent times there has been a growing number of concerns regarding the way police officers perform arrests. Along with these arrests are searches conducted by officers which can sometimes be unconstitutional. The Fourth Amendment of the US Constitution protects its citizens by giving “the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures” (U.S. Const., amend. IV). This amendment aims to prevent officers from conducting random searches of a citizens’ property and aims to give them a reasonable expectation of privacy. Some searches such as a dog sniff inspection are also invalid under the fourth amendment. This is because it also violates a citizens’ expectations of privacy. Electronic surveillance is also deemed to be a search under the Fourth Amendment. This method has increased in popularity due to the rise of the internet and technology in general. Although personal computers are safe without warrants, company computers can be searched without one as employees do not own them and are not expected to store personal data on them. The Patriot Act, a bill which was enacted after the attacks on the Pentagon and World Trade Center, is a tool used to assist law enforcement when searching emails and phone calls. This act allows officials to send National Security Letters, which allows them to search records without a warrant or court order. A lawful arrest is constituted by an officer having a specific…
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