The Free Movement Of The European Union

2382 Words10 Pages
The internal market is one that seeks to guarantee a free movement of goods, services, capital, and people between the European Union (EU) member states. The free movement of persons has become one of the fundamental freedoms guaranteed under Article 26 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). The right to this freedom can only be exercised by working EU citizens. Article 20 of the TFEU and Article 2 of Directive 2004/38 defines who would be considered an EU citizen. Article 20 states that “every person holding the nationality of a Member State shall be a citizen of the Union,” while article 2(1) of the Directive 2004/38 refers to an EU citizen as “any person having the nationality of a Member State.” Union citizenship grants individuals the right to move freely and take up employment within other Member States uninterrupted and without discrimination. This right is provided for in Article 18 TFEU which prohibits discrimination based on ones nationality. Union citizens surely have the right to move and reside freely but this right is also subject to ‘conditions and limitation’s’ as stated in Article 21 TFEU. Article 45 of the TFEU provides for the securement of free movement of workers within the Union. The right of free movement persons gives workers the to move and reside in any member state, it gives the rights of entry and residence for family members of workers, and the right to work in another Member State and be treated on an equal footing
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