The Frontier Or Some Like Takao Ozawa Essay

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Laws are not only as the dictionary says, “any written or positive rule or collection of rules prescribed under the authority of the state or nations.” The rules that are written reflect the racist, classist, and sexist biases and assumptions maintained in our nation. In other words, laws mirror the customs of the majority that are in power. This is especially evident in the United States during the late nineteenth century when many people were debating the question of what it means to be an American. There are various responses, some by “native born” such as, Fredrick Jackson Turner who wrote the propaganda piece: The Significance of the Frontier or some like Takao Ozawa, an immigrant from Japan who defines Americanness in his legal brief for naturalization. However, it seems as those who are vulnerable [i.e. women, Black, and Brown people] in an aggressive nation such as the United States, hold with them the true meaning of what it means to be American. For instance, while some were arguing whether or not to assimilate the “other” as Americans, one community of the other were fighting to stay in a land they were forced into; to be considered humans let alone American. In this paper, I will discuss the ways that the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments brought freedom for African Americans, for a moment, and how white supremacy has fought this from happening. It also looks at the ways non-black and non-white immigrants, such as Japanese and Mexican people, have utilized the
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