The Frozen Patterns Of Language

1665 WordsApr 16, 20167 Pages
2.2.1 Archaic Terms Archaic terms according to Baker are “The frozen patterns of language” (as cited in El-Farahaty, 2015, p.66). Moreover, El-Farahaty asserts that they are forms. For instance, “ المذكور اعلاه mentioned above, سالف الذكر the aforementioned, المذكور the said” (2015, p.66). These expressions are used at most in formal and legal texts. 2.2.2. Religious Words Religious terms are terms in Arabic mainly influenced by religion as words of praying or calling upon the name of God in situations. According to El-Farahaty, in some “contracts” religious sentences are the opening of this contracts such as "بعد حمد الله والصلاة والسلام-علي رسول الله" “After praising God and prayer and peace be upon His Messenger” (2015, p.60). In this example, the word "الله" is repeated. Unlike Arabic version, in the English translation “His” is a pronoun used instead of the word “God”. 2.2.3. Formal Words Formal words, according to El-Farahaty, is a style of language where formality exists widely in forms of political contexts and “honorary titles” (2015, p.62). For instance, according to Mansoor “His Excellency the president of Syrian Republic” "حضرة صاحب الفخامة رئيس الجمهورية السورية" is an example of formal words (as cited in El-Farahaty, 2015, p.62). In this example formal expressions are used to show respect to others of high degrees and positions as in diplomatic conversations and formal ceremonies. In contrast to English, Arabic Language tends to use veneration not only

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