The Fukushima Accident: What Caused the Meltdown?

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Fukushima Introduction On March 11, 2011 an earthquake that measured 9.3 Richter scale occurred 43 miles of the coast of Northern Japan. This caused tremendous amounts of damage to the island of Tohouku. What happened is the quake initially destroyed buildings and property. However, a tsunami occurred, which devastated the region and the Fukushima nuclear power plant. ("Fukushima Accident") This caused reactors 1 through 3 to go into a meltdown and it created a situation where Japan was on the brink of a major environmental disaster. To fully understand the different events there will be a focus on: factors that caused the meltdown, why this did not impact the other three reactors, the consequences, who is responsible and how these incidents can be prevented in the future. Together, these elements will highlight the underlying effects of this disaster and its impact on the region. ("Fukushima Accident") What (besides the earthquake followed by tidal wave) caused the meltdown? The basic causes of the meltdown were the damages to backup generators on reactors 1 through 3 by the sea water. This forced the emergency lights and cooling system to shutdown (which resulted in an overheating of the reactors). What made the situation worse is that Japanese officials were in a state of panic after the disaster. This is because they did not realize that the cooling systems were shut off and that the problem was compounded from the lack of response. ("Fukushima Utility")
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